When you travel around inside Turkey, you can chose between different modes of transport: trains, buses, planes and even sea planes.
Air travel is a common mode of transport inside Turkey. There are many cheap airlines flying between cities, and if you are flying to a smaller city, it is likely you will change in Istanbul.
You can also travel from Bursa to Istanbul by seaplane. Because Bursa and Istanbul are separated by both water and land but are not far away from each other, there is a small seaplane service that takes passengers from the Golden Horn and over the old part of Istanbul. Because it flies quite low, the views are magnificent. After 18 minutes the plane lands in Gemlik, about 30 kilometres or a twenty minute drive from Bursa.
The train is also a very popular mode of transport, though the lines are mostly very old and slow by modern standards, and the network does not extend everywhere. For a scenic ride, there is a long train journey all the way from Ankara to Tehran that takes three days! There are presently two high-speed rail links – from Istanbul to Ankara via Eskişehir and from Ankara to Konya – but an Ankara to Izmir route is under construction as well.
Probably the most often used form of intercity transport, however, is the bus. Buses in Turkey are relatively cheap (around 50TL a ticket or less for most journeys) and are usually very comfortable.They go long distances between just about every pair of cities, and have an on-board free tea service, often with cake or ice-cream, depending on the weather. On some of the more upmarket buses you might find additional leg room and working wi-fi, and on certain of the Pamukkale buses there are even plugs for you to charge your laptop.On journeys of over 5 hours, there will usually be a half-hour stop about every three hours for passengers to use the toilet and get something to eat.