To change a verb to indicate ability or inability, add –ebil or –eme respectively before the tense ending. The –i in -ebil does not change in accordance with vowel harmony, so all additional elements harmonise on –i. However, –eme can become –ama in accordance with the rules of vowel harmony.
Yaptım. – I did it.
Yapabildim. – I was able to do it.
Yapamadım. – I was unable to do it.
Dans ediyoruz. – We are dancing.
Dans edebiliriz. – We can dance/we are able to dance.
Dans edemiyoruz. – We cannot dance/we don’t know how to dance.
Varacak. – He/she/it will arrive.
Saat ikiye kadar varabilecek. – He/she/it may/will be able to arrive by two o’clock.
These elements are added after other sentence elements such as passives and causatives:
Seni öldürebilirdim! – I could have killed you!
Kabul edilemeyecek. – It will not be able to be accepted.
In the negative for the “wide” simple tense, –eme simply takes the place of –me.
Seçmez. – He/she does not choose/elect.
Seçemez. – He/she cannot choose/elect.
Seçilmez. – He/she will not be elected.
Seçilemez. – He/she cannot be elected.
Seçilir. – He/she will be elected.
Seçilebilir. – He/she could be elected.
Thank you for visiting HandsOnTurkish.com. Our award winning interactive courses of Turkish have been developed for anyone with a genuine interest in the Turkish language and Turkish culture, whether for private, educational or professional reasons and are specially designed for self-study. Our website and our language courses are free from advertisements and we don't share any personal details of our visitors or registered members with third parties. Nor do we sell data for targeted advertising. We believe passionately that learning should be free from commercial distractions. For this reason we rely on subscriptions to fund the development of our products. Click here to find out more about our online Turkish courses.