The Present Tense in Turkish

The Present Tense in Turkish

There are two main present tenses in Turkish: -iyor and -er/ir. -İyor is a present continuous tense, like “is doing”. The -İ changes according to vowel harmony but the o never changes, so all additional vowels added onto -iyor harmonise on that basis. Okuyor. –...
Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

To change a verb to indicate ability or inability, add -ebil or -eme respectively before the tense ending. The -i in -ebil does not change in accordance with vowel harmony, so all additional elements harmonise on -i. However, -eme can become -ama in accordance with...
Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Please make sure you have read Part 1 of Expressing possession in Turkish. A different form of expressing possession in Turkish comes when a noun is used to modify another noun. In that case, the third person possessive marker on the first noun is dropped, but the...