Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

To change a verb to indicate ability or inability, add –ebil or –eme respectively before the tense ending. The –i in -ebil does not change in accordance with vowel harmony, so all additional elements harmonise on –i. However, –eme can...
Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Please make sure you have read Part 1 of Expressing possession in Turkish. A different form of expressing possession in Turkish comes when a noun is used to modify another noun. In that case, the third person possessive marker on the first noun is dropped, but the...
Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 1)

Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 1)

Possession in English is dealt with in two ways: you can say “the Queen of England” or “England’s Queen”. In Turkish, both these would be translated in the same way: “İngiltere’nin kraliçesi”. Unlike in the English “England’s Queen”, where only the person or thing...
Turkish Language: Consonant Harmony

Turkish Language: Consonant Harmony

There are two types of consonant harmony in the Turkish language. For the first, you should remember the phrase fıstıkçı Şahap, which literally means Şahap the nut-seller. This apparent nonsense is useful because it contains all the “hard” consonants in Turkish: f   s...