Reflections on Becoming Bilingual

Reflections on Becoming Bilingual

It has become common knowledge that knowing more than one language is good for the brain. It improves mental flexibility and makes it easier to switch between tasks. I recently attended a fascinating talk on bilingualism which was part of the University of Edinburgh’s...
Verbal Adjectives in Turkish

Verbal Adjectives in Turkish

Usually verbal adjectives, just like normal adjectives in Turkish, modify a “headword” – which is usually the noun that comes after it. Normal adjective: Tatlı kız – sweet girl Verbal adjective: Tatlı olan kız. – The girl who is sweet. Verbal adjective: Evleneceğim...
Verbal nouns in Turkish

Verbal nouns in Turkish

In the dictionary, all verbs in Turkish end with the stem –mek or –mak, according to vowel harmony. To make a verbal noun out of a verb, we usually take off the –mek or –mak, and add –me or –ma – in effect merely removing the k at...
The Present Tense in Turkish

The Present Tense in Turkish

There are two main present tenses in Turkish: –iyor and –er/ir. –İyor is a present continuous tense, like “is doing”. The -İ changes according to vowel harmony but the o never changes, so all additional vowels added onto –iyor harmonise on that...
Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

Expressing ability and inability in Turkish

To change a verb to indicate ability or inability, add –ebil or –eme respectively before the tense ending. The –i in -ebil does not change in accordance with vowel harmony, so all additional elements harmonise on –i. However, –eme can...
Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Expressing possession in Turkish (Part 2)

Please make sure you have read Part 1 of Expressing possession in Turkish. A different form of expressing possession in Turkish comes when a noun is used to modify another noun. In that case, the third person possessive marker on the first noun is dropped, but the...